News

10 Things You May Not Know About Douglas MacArthur

10 Things You May Not Know About Douglas MacArthur

1. MacArthur’s father was a Union veteran, his mother from a Confederate family.

When Mary Pinkney Hardy wed distinguished Union general Arthur MacArthur Jr. in 1875, her Virginia family hardly approved. Two of Hardy’s brothers who had attended the Virginia Military Institute and fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War even refused to attend the nuptials.

2. He was part of the first father-son duo to both receive the Medal of Honor.

Although just 18 years old, Arthur MacArthur Jr. displayed such valor at the 1863 Battle of Missionary Ridge that he was awarded the Medal of Honor. Although nominated twice before, Douglas MacArthur did not receive the same accolade until 1942 for his service in defense of the Philippines during World War II. (When Theodore Roosevelt posthumously received the Medal of Honor in 2001 for his service during the Spanish-American War, he and son Theodore Roosevelt Jr. became the second father-son pair to receive the award.)

3. Only Robert E. Lee and another cadet surpassed his West Point performance.

When MacArthur enrolled at the U.S. Military Academy, his mother moved to West Point as well and stayed at a hotel on campus grounds. MacArthur’s mother had told him he “must grow up to be a great man,” either like his father or like Lee, and her watchful eye apparently worked as MacArthur graduated first out of 94 cadets in the class of 1903 by earning 2,424.2 points out of a maximum of 2,470. Only two other cadets in West Point history had matched MacArthur’s 98.14% performance—an 1884 graduate as well as the iconic Confederate general in 1829.

4. MacArthur was president of the American Olympic Committee (AOC).

When the AOC president died suddenly in 1927, the organization recruited MacArthur, who was a booster of amateur athletics, as his replacement to prepare the U.S. team for the 1928 Summer Games in Amsterdam. MacArthur paraded with the team during the opening ceremonies and exhorted the athletes like a general leading his men into battle. When the American boxing team manager withdrew his fighters to protest a bad decision, MacArthur ordered the team back into the ring and barked, “Americans don’t quit!” The U.S. team left Amsterdam with seven world records and twice as many gold medals as any other country.

5. He assisted in establishing the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).

Although best known for his wartime exploits, MacArthur played a crucial role in the formation of one of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s signature New Deal programs. After Congress authorized the creation of the CCC in March 1933, the president wanted to enroll 250,000 men by July 1, an ambitious goal that only the military could implement. The task fell to MacArthur, who surpassed the goal by mobilizing nearly 300,000 recruits by the deadline.

6. He vomited on the front steps of the White House.

When Roosevelt proposed large military cuts in 1934, MacArthur visited the Oval Office for a heated meeting. The general later recounted that he “spoke recklessly and said something to the general effect that when we lost the next war, and an American boy, lying in the mud with an enemy bayonet through his belly and an enemy foot on his dying throat, spat out his last curse, I wanted the name not to be MacArthur, but Roosevelt.” After the outburst, MacArthur on the spot offered his resignation as Army chief of staff, but Roosevelt refused. Still nauseous from the confrontation, MacArthur got sick on the White House steps after leaving the meeting.

7. MacArthur had presidential ambitions.

Although on active duty and prohibited by military regulations, MacArthur did little initially to tamp down a movement to draft the general to be the Republican Party’s nominee against Roosevelt in 1944. MacArthur even won the Illinois primary before the party nominated Thomas Dewey. Four years later, MacArthur again flirted with the presidency but lost decisively in the Wisconsin primary to Harold Stassen. In 1952, the Republican Party once again bypassed MacArthur, this time for another war hero, Dwight Eisenhower.

8. MacArthur received a ticker tape parade after his firing.

On April 11, 1951, President Harry Truman relieved MacArthur from his Korean War command for insubordination after the general publicly criticized the president’s conduct of the war. Truman, who favored a “limited war” over MacArthur’s more aggressive approach, told the country he fired the general in part “to prevent a third world war.” MacArthur, more popular than the president at the time, received a hero’s welcome upon his arrival back in the United States. On April 20, 1951, confetti and cheers rained down on him as he rode in a limousine through the streets of New York. The day before, he had been interrupted by 50 ovations during an address to a joint session of Congress in which he closed with the words: “Old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”

9. A trophy in his honor is awarded annually to college football’s top team.

Although MacArthur played on the West Point baseball team, football was his true love. He was the student manager for the military academy’s football team and one of the founders of the National Football Foundation, which since 1959 has awarded the MacArthur Bowl to the top college football team in the United States. The 25-pound silver trophy is shaped like a football stadium and features this quote from the general: “There is no substitute for victory.”

10. MacArthur designed his trademark corncob pipes.

The publicity-conscious general personally fashioned his signature look that included his ornate hat, aviator sunglasses and corncob pipe. A long-time cigarette smoker, MacArthur provided the Missouri Meerschaum Company with precise specifications for the deep-bowled, long-stemmed pipe that he used as a distinctive prop during public appearances. The outsized pipe was good for show but difficult to smoke, so Missouri Meerschaum gave the general other pipes to use for his pleasure. Missouri Meerschaum continues to craft replicas of MacArthur’s customized pipe, and Ray-Ban named a sunglass line after him in 1987.


10 Things You May Not Have Known About Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass is one of the most important figures in American history, but many know little about the legendary abolitionist. Long before the Civil Rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Douglass stood firmly in opposition to slavery and women's suffrage of the Civil War era. The social reformer's life embodies the American dream and more importantly, the power of literacy and tenacity. His passion to read elevated Douglass from enslavement to the White House. In honor of Black History Month let's remember or newly discover the incredible life and achievements of Frederick Douglass.

1. He was a self-liberated slave.
Born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, Frederick was born a slave around February 14, 1919 (a chosen date, the exact birthdate is unknown) in Talbot County, Maryland. At the age of 12, Douglass insisted to learn how to read, as his mother Harriet Bailey was the only woman of color in Tuckahoe who could read. After his mother died suddenly, the slave master's wife, Sophia Auld, taught young Frederick the alphabet. He then went on to teach himself to read and write. As a teenager, Douglass continued to study political essays and journals like The Columbian Orator, which inspired him to seek a life free of slavery. In 1838, Douglass (age 20) would successfully escape to the north with the help of his future wife, Anna Murray, a free black abolitionist in Baltimore.

2. He wrote three autobiographies.
In 1845, Douglass wrote his first autobiography The Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass at about age of 27. In this work the writer chronicled events of his life, while blatantly exposing the shameful treatment of that time. His slave narrative helped to fuel the abolitionist movement of the early 19th century in the United States. Two years later, Douglass began publishing the anti-slavery newspaper, The North Star to cover politics and abolitionist issues. He wrote two more memoirs about his life: My Bondage and My Freedom (1855) and Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881).

3. His narratives created a fatherhood mystery.
There is some mystery surrounding the father of Frederick Douglass and it is all due to his own writings! In his first narrative, Douglass strongly implied that his father was a white man and perhaps his own master. But in his last memoir, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881), he denied actually knowing the identity of his father at all.

4. He was a preacher.
Frederick Douglass became a licensed preacher of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in 1839. Fellow abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison encouraged Douglass to speak at the annual convention of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, the dawning of a new journey as public speaker. During this time, he frequented and became a lecturer for anti-slavery conventions. The orator traveled relentlessly many miles to the East, most notably Britain and Ireland.

5. He was a Republican.
The human rights leader passionately believed that the Republican party could end slavery in the US.

I am a Republican, a black, dyed in the wool Republican, and I never intend to belong to any other party than the party of freedom and progress.

Douglass appealed to President Lincoln and his cabinet to enlist blacks into the Union Army. Despite having a critical and contentious relationship, Lincoln and Douglass both fiercely fought to abolish slavery. Over time they apparently worked out their differences, because Douglass gave the eulogy at Abraham Lincoln's funeral.

6. He was the first black citizen placed in nomination for U.S. president (twice)
On June 23, 1888, Frederick Douglass became the first black candidate placed in nomination for President. The statesman received one vote from the Kentucky Delegation at the Republican Convention in Chicago. But this nomination was not his first. In fact, the highly publicized day was actually the second time that Frederick Douglass had received a single vote to become a U.S. presidential candidate his first vote came during the National Liberty Party Convention in 1848. Douglass had no known affiliation to the Liberty Party and was unaware of the circumstances surrounding his nomination for this convention. The patriotic abolitionist would also receive the vice president nomination at the Equal Rights Party Convention in 1872.

7. His daughter wrote a book.
Frederick and his wife Anna Murray had five children, three sons and two daughters. Their daughter Rosetta Douglass Sprague, wrote a biography titled, My Mother as I Recall Her about her mother in 1900. Sprague worried that her mother's legacy would be overshadowed by her father's considerable achievements. In the book, Douglass' daughter revealed that her mother lived an isolated life while regularly hosting white abolitionist who could barely hide their hatred for her. Anna Murray never learned to read despite her husband's attempt to teach her how. Sprague's manuscripts are preserved in a series of Douglass family papers at the Library of Congress.

8. He has a statue in the Capitol.
A bronze statue of the revered abolitionist was dedicated by Congress at a ceremony on June 19, 2013 (Juneteenth), in Emancipation Hall. Sculptor Steven Weitzman was awarded the commission to create the statue in 2006, after a decade-long struggle between residents of the District of Columbia and Congress. The dedication ceremony also honored the slave laborers who built the Capitol by placing Douglass' statue at the same site.

9. He had an affair.
Douglass had an 28-year affair with a German journalist named Ottilie Assing. The daughter of one of Germany's most prominent families, Ottilie arranged to translate his memoir, ''My Bondage and My Freedom". She lived in the Douglass family home for 22 summers until the relationship ended. Douglass refused to leave his wife Anna Murray and Ottilie returned home disillusioned. After Douglass' first wife, Anna Murray Douglass, died on August 4, 1882, he married Helen Pitts, a young abolitionist clerk about 18 months later. Upon hearing of Douglass' second marriage, a cancer stricken Assing committed suicide. Some of Assing letters to Douglass survive in the Douglass papers collection. Helen Pitts devoted her life to preserving his legacy and established the Frederick Douglass Memorial and Historical Association following his death in 1895.

10. He is in the movies.
Academy Awards nominated 1989 film Glory featured Frederick Douglass as a friend of Francis George Shaw. The early 19th century hero was played by Raymond St. Jacques.

There have been various artistic and literary portrayals of his prodigious life. Most recently, in the yet to be released 2016 documentary The Gettysburg Address, a film by Jim and Sean Conant.


10 Interesting Facts About Douglas MacArthur That You Might Not Know

Douglas MacArthur, born on 26 January 1880 was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the first father and son to be awarded the medal.

He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the US Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army. He died on 5 April 1964.

Here are some interesting facts about this American hero.

MacArthur’s father, Arthur, fought for the North against the secessionist South during the American Civil War, while his mother’s family had her roots in the Confederate South.

Colonel Douglas MacArthur is decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross for Bravery by General John J. Pershing

Both Douglas MacArthur and Arthur MacArthur were recipients of the Medal of Honor. Douglas MacArthur was awarded this prestigious medal for his defense of the Philippines against the Japanese in the Second World War, while Arthur MacArthur received his award for outstanding display of courage during the Battle of Missionary Ridge in 1863.

Douglas MacArthur as a student at West Texas Military Academy in the late 1890s (Wikipedia)

MacArthur attended the same West Point military academy as the famous Confederate General Robert. E. Lee and graduated with a score of 98.14 % – a feat which equaled the achievement of Lee himself.

After a furious confrontation with President Roosevelt over proposed budget cuts to the United States military, MacArthur was so sickened by Roosevelt’s intended budget reforms that he vomited on the steps of the White House.

In 1952, MacArthur made a bid for the presidency of America but was knocked out of the running for the Republican nomination by another Second World War hero – Dwight Eisenhower!

Gen. Douglas MacArthur Jan. 20, 1945

Like his contemporary, ‘Blood and Guts’ Patton, MacArthur had a number of fashion eccentricities such as his trademark aviator sunglasses and corncob pipe.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur addressing an audience of 50,000 at Soldier’s Field, Chicago, on his first visit to the United States in 14 years, April 1951

Never one to avoid a confrontation, MacArthur did not scruple to speak out openly against what he saw as President Truman’s disastrous handling of the Korean War – his efforts to steer American involvement in the right direction resulted in several presidential warnings and ultimately his dismissal.

Macarthur’s triumphant New York City ticker-tape parade held in his honor was the largest such event to-date.

In 1952 MacArthur met with the newly elected president Dwight Eisenhower and the two discussed potential military strategies to ensure an American victory. Macarthur’s suggestion for winning the war – use nuclear bombs!

MacArthur’s sarcophagus at the MacArthur Memorial in Norfolk (Wikipedia)

Having honorably served his country on military fronts in Europe and Asia, Douglas Macrthur passed away on the 5th April 1964, at the age of 84, and was buried at the MacArthur Memorial.

General Douglas MacArthur Farewell Speech


Facts about Douglas MacArthur 5: nomination

MacArthur was nominated for a Medal of Honor several times. He was promoted as a brigadier general when he served in the First World War at the western front.

Facts about Douglas MacArthur 6: the awards

Due to his service, he earned Silver Star and the Distinguished Service Cross. Check facts about Chuck Yeager here.

facts about douglas macarthur


After John MacArthur's Strange Fire Event: 10 Things You May Not Have Known About the Charismatic Mov't

When prominent theologian John MacArthur set off a heated debate in the Christian community about his unfavorable view of the Charismatic movement during his Strange Fire Conference last week at his church, some might have wondered what exactly is the Charismatic movement?

MacArthur went so far as to accuse the movement of offering God "unacceptable worship" that "blasphemes the Holy Spirit."

Below readers can get a primer on Pentecostals and Charismatics, who are estimated to number up to nearly a billion people who can be classified as being a part of or having been influenced by this movement within the Christian community.

CP asked the Rev. David Housholder to give a list of "Ten Things You May Not Have Known about Pentecostals/Charismatics." Housholder is the founding pastor of Robinwood Church in Southern California, and holds a Master of Divinity degree from the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago and is a Fulbright Scholar in New Testament and Philosophy at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhems-Universität in Bonn, Germany.

Ordained in 1990, he has served churches in South Dakota, Washington state, Minnesota, and California.

Ten Things You May Not Have Known About Pentecostals/Charismatics

1. Islam is not the fastest-growing faith family in the world. Pentecostalism is. While Islam has gone from zero in 610 AD to 1.6 billion today (1,403 years), Pentecostalism went from zero to (about) a billion from 1906 to the present day (107 years).

2. Pentecostalism is quintessentially American. It began (although there were pre-shocks for centuries) in the multi-ethnic Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, Calif. It is arguably our most influential export of any kind.

3. The churches planted by American mainline denominations (Episcopal, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Methodist, UCC, etc) in the global South are overwhelmingly Pentecostal/Charismatic in their piety. For instance, a Lutheran from Ethiopia (Mekane Yesus) would certainly be considered Pentecostal if visiting here in the U.S.

4. Pentecostals/Charismatics are diverse. They run the spectrum range from Oxford/Cambridge blue bloods in the Kensington neighborhood of London to snake handlers in Appalachia. The current Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, is a product of the largest congregation in the Church of England, Holy Trinity Brompton, which is one of the most influential charismatic congregations in the world. And not just economically diverse. If you find yourself in a multi-cultural congregation in the U.S.A. on a Sunday morning, the overwhelming probability is that you are sitting in a Pentecostal worship service.

5. Pentecostals are not anti-intellectual. The unofficial "Pentecostal Pope," Jack Hayford of Los Angeles, is a Bible-scholar's Bible scholar. Oral Roberts University, Regent Seminary (Virginia Beach) and Southeastern University (Lakeland, Florida) are some of the key centers of higher learning for the movement. The largest seminary in the Church of England (and perhaps the entire Anglican communion) is St. Mellitus Colleg/St. Paul's Theological Center in London, spiritually godfathered by (Charismatic) Holy Trinity Brompton Church. They are now opening branches throughout the world.

6. Pentecostals were the leaders in the ordination of women. Because they are less bureaucratic and more "gifting driven," Pentecostals were the first (not liberal Protestants) to ordain women. Aimee Semple Macpherson was one of the first American mega-church senior pastors (Angelus Temple in L.A. seated 5,000 a service in its prime).

7. Most all U.S. mainline denominations and also Roman Catholics have large Charismatic minorities. In fact, there are more Charismatic Roman Catholics than there are total members in most all other denominations. Lutherans and Episcopalians were pioneers in the Charismatic movement (Larry Christenson and Dennis Bennet).

8. The Jesus Movement ("Jesus Freaks") led by Calvary Chapel in Costa Mesa, Calif., more or less invented CCM (Christian Contemporary Music). As Calvary Chapel was (and is) a "small c" charismatic congregation, Pentecostal piety has been carried into virtually every congregation in the country that has ever sung a praise song or had someone raise a hand in worship.

9. Latinos are not overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. A very large minority is Pentecostal. When Latinos leave the Roman Catholic church, which they do in large numbers, the two directions are secular or Pentecostal. There are almost certainly Pentecostal Latinos in your zip code.

10. A word about the "Word of Faith" (also Word Faith, or just Faith) movement. This is the segment of Pentecostalism which is most prone to excesses (name it/claim it). However, this movement is also quite diverse and driven by the central concept of "faith makes a difference." Thus, they tend to take biblical promises about prayers of faith literally. This drives a rather sophisticated systematic theology first exposited in depth by Kenneth Hagin (the elder one) and continuing to be unfolded by Joseph Prince (Singapore) and others.

Books to get you familiar with the movement: Light your Church on Fire without Burning it Down by David Housholder. Super-basic primer on the movement Fire from Heaven by Harvey Cox and Sober Intoxication of the Spirit by Raniero Cantalamessa, preacher to the pope during the term of John Paul II.


ɽoctor Who': 10 Things You May Not Know About 'The Pandorica Opens'

"The Pandorica Opens" is a story which contains a huge amount of exciting and provocative ideas for long-term fans. There's the jumps in time and space from the remote beginnings of the universe to Roman Stonehenge and on to the present day. There are the legions of alien races who have lined up against the Doctor, to spring a particularly well envisioned trap, and there's the possibility that one man's reputation can be enough to ward off an invasion.

Here are a few things to keep an eye out for, the next time you watch:

(The episode is available on iTunes and Amazon.)

The alien races that have united against the Doctor in this episode span not only the modern TV show - Daleks, Nestenes, Cybermen, Sontarans, Atraxi, Slitheen, Silurians, Sycorax, Judoon, Hoix - and the classic series - Zygons, Drahvins, Tereleptils, Draconians - but also Torchwood - Weevils, Blowfish - The Sarah Jane Adventures - the Uvodni - and even the Haemogoths from Brian Minchin's novel The Forgotten Army and the Chelonians from Gareth Roberts' Doctor Who novel (and audio play) The Highest Science.

Apart from saying "HELLO SWEETIE," the message left for the Doctor by River Song starts with "ΘΣ Φ ΓΥΔϟ," the first two symbols of which are Theta Sigma. In the Fourth Doctor story "The Armageddon Factor," it is revealed that Theta Sigma was the Doctor's nickname at the Time Lord Academy on Gallifrey.

The idea of a cliff face with a significant historical message etched onto it has echoes within Douglas Adams' So Long and Thanks for All the Fish, part of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. His version is the last message from God to his creation, on the planet Crafe Tec Heydra: "One side of a mountain carries carvings and hieroglyphs, crude representations of an invisible War. The artwork shows two races clashing, one metal, one flesh a fearsome explosion and a solitary survivor walking from the wreckage. Solitary? Perhaps not. Under this figure, a phrase has been scratched in the stone, which translates as: 'you are not alone.'"

And while we're on fandom crossovers, Simon Fisher-Becker plays the blue-skinned Dorium. His movie resume also includes a stint as the Fat Friar, a ghost in Harry Potter and The Sorcerer's Stone.

While this is easily the most highly regarded example, the Doctor has a habit of yelling "I AM TALKING!" when there's a lot of hubbub happening in his presence. The Ninth Doctor said it to the Nestene Consciousness in "Rose" and the Tenth said it to Eddie Connolly in "The Idiot's Lantern."

If you're wondering why Stonehenge is lit by electric lights, while the Doctor, Amy and River explore the caverns around the Pandorica using flambeaux torches, it's deliberate. That part of the story was designed to evoke a similar atmosphere to that of the Indiana Jones movies. Director Toby Haynes even played some of the music while filming the "under Henge" sequence, to get the pacing right.

The Doctor, Amy and River are shown riding horses to Stonehenge, a stunt which necessitated them sitting on saddles on the back of a truck and pretending to ride while the truck drove. Their wide shots were of real horses, but fake (i.e. stunt) actors.

River's costume was designed to evoke two major characters within the Star Wars universe: Princess Leia and Han Solo.

At the time of broadcast, the entire universe had been threatened four times in Doctor Who history. By the Sontarans in "The Invasion of Time," by the Master in "Logopolis," by Davros and the Daleks in "Journey's End," and by the Time Lords in "The End of Time."

For the scenes in the Underhenge where Amy is attacked by the one-armed Cyberman, the crew hired amputee actor Tim Baggaley. But during the edit, the production team decided to reshoot that section. However, Tim was not available for the reshoot, so veteran monster-suit artist Jon Davey was drafted in, with his arm (and head) covered in green screen material:


10 things you might not know about geniuses

The Chicago-based MacArthur Foundation recently came out with this year's "genius grants." And Cubs exec Theo Epstein is being called a genius because of his team's performance this year. Meanwhile, there's a new movie about another genius, Steve Jobs. It's time for you to get smart, unless you already know these 10 facts about geniuses:

1. "Genius" is a vague, debatable term. But in the 1920s, Stanford professor Edward Terman used IQ scores to select more than 1,000 children as subjects in his Genetic Study of Genius. The participants — nicknamed "Termites" — have generally remained unidentified. But among them were Edward Dmytryk, who directed the film "The Caine Mutiny," and Norris Bradbury, who ran the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two children whose IQ scores didn't meet Terman's standards were William Shockley and Luis Alvarez. Those rejects grew up to win the Nobel Prize in Physics.

2. Shortly after Albert Einstein died on April 18, 1955, his brain was sliced and diced and photographed in an effort to see what made him so darn smart. But it wasn't until 2010 that newly rediscovered photos and advances in brain research offered some answers to that question. Certain sections of Einstein's brain were more developed, and it had more wrinkles and loops and ridges — which is good in a brain — but the key may have been his huge corpus callosum, the dense network of nerve fibers that connects the different areas of the brain. Einstein, as it turns out, had a superhighway running through the center of his noggin, likely explaining his astonishing creativity and genius.

3. Vivien Thomas, a 19-year-old black man in Nashville, Tenn., found his hopes of going to college dashed by the Depression in 1930. So he took a job as a lab assistant to white surgeon Alfred Blalock of Vanderbilt University. Despite Thomas' lack of higher education, he became a brilliant surgical technician and research partner who helped Blalock develop pioneering methods of treating shock and operating on the heart. Yet for years Thomas was classified as a janitor and paid at that level when he was doing the equivalent of postgraduate work. Thomas even worked as a bartender at Blalock's parties to earn extra money. Ultimately, Thomas' vital role in the medical breakthroughs was widely recognized, and he received an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins in 1976.


Five Things You Didn’t Know about The IT Crowd’s Douglas Reynholm

Douglas Reynholm is both the head and the owner of Reynholm Industries in The IT Crowd. His success is less a result of his own capabilities and more a result of him having been born to the right parents, which has contributed to his host of unpleasant tendencies. Regardless, Douglas is one of the most popular characters on The IT Crowd, which is perhaps unsurprising considering the critical role of dark humor in British comedic sensibilities.

Here are five things that you may or may not have known about Douglas Reynholm:

His Family Name Is Not a Real Family Name

Considering the sheer range of family names out there, it might come as a surprise to learn that Reynholm is not a real family name that sees common use. Instead, it seems probable that the writer Graham Linehan came up with the family name for the sake of rhyming Douglas’s father Denholm’s personal name with Reynholm. Speaking of which, it is interesting to note that Denholm is a real name with both English and Scottish origins, having started out as “Valley Island” and “Scottish Village” in those respective locations.

His Father Shared Some of His Unpleasant Tendencies

Douglas’s father Denholm was not as bad as his son, but it is clear that he shared some of the same tendencies. After all, Denholm died because he committed suicide by walking out of a window to fall 30 stories to the ground after having learned that the police had uncovered irregularities in his pension fund. In this matter, Douglas is much the same as Denholm, seeing as how he has misused the pension fund as well.

Might Have Murdered His First Wife

Whenever someone mentions a rumor about Douglas, he assumes that it is a rumor about him killing his first wife Melissa. Given that he seems terrified of being convicted for said crime as well as his normal behavior, there could well be something to it.

His Stepmother and Second Wife Are Played By the Same Actress

Both Douglas’s stepmother Barbara and his second wife Victoria are played by the same actress Belinda Stewart-Wilson. It remains to be seen whether there is a reason for this casting choice beyond the inherent ickiness of the situation, but it is interesting to note that Barbara’s situation after the funeral for Denholm remains unknown while Victoria had been missing for years and years before turning out with no recollection of what had happened to her in the meantime.

3-Year Consecutive Award Winner

Given Douglas’s behavior, it should come as no surprise to learn that he has a lot of critics in The IT Crowd‘s setting. This can be seen in how he has won ****head of the Year in three consecutive years, which is the result of one of his employees Jen recording his behavior and then nominating him by sending in the evidence to the committee responsible for making the selection. Unsurprisingly, Douglas did not take his dubious award all that well, even if it is well-deserved.


10 things you might not know about D-Day

Sixty-six years ago Sunday, hundreds of thousands of people risked their lives to save the world for democracy. It was as simple as that, and as complicated as the Allied invasion of France's Normandy coast in World War II. Here are 10 facts about the events of June 6, 1944:

1. War photographer Robert Capa, who said, "If your pictures aren't good enough, you aren't close enough," landed at Omaha Beach on D-Day. He took more than 100 pictures, but when the film was sent to London, a darkroom technician dried it too quickly and melted the emulsion, leaving fewer than a dozen pictures usable. Even so, those shaky and chaotic photos tell the story of Omaha Beach. A decade later, Capa got too close: He died in 1954 after stepping on a land mine in Indochina.2. In the weeks before D-Day, British intelligence was highly concerned about . crossword puzzles. The London Daily Telegraph's recent puzzle answers had included Overlord and Neptune (the code names for the over-all operation and the landing operation), Utah and Omaha (the two American invasion beaches) and Mulberry (the code name for the artificial harbors planned after the invasion). Agents interrogated the puzzle-maker, a Surrey school headmaster named Leonard Dawe. Turns out, it was just a coincidence.

3. The people who planned D-Day were bigots. That was the code word -- bigot -- for anyone who knew the time and place of the invasion. It was a reversal of a designation -- "to Gib" -- that was used on the papers of those traveling to Gibraltar for the invasion of North Africa in 1942.

4. The Allied effort to hoodwink Adolf Hitler about the invasion was code-named Fortitude, and it was nearly as elaborate and detailed as the invasion itself. The Allies went so far as to parachute dummies, outfitted with firecrackers that exploded on impact, behind enemy lines as a diversion. Under an effort code-named Window, Allied airplanes dropped strips of aluminum foil cut to a length that corresponded to German radar waves. The effect created two phantom fleets of bombers out of thin air -- and ingenuity.

5. Among those who landed at Normandy on D-Day were J.D. Salinger (who went on to write "Catcher in the Rye"), Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (the president's son, who died of a heart attack a month later) and Elliot Richardson (attorney general under President Richard Nixon).

6. D-Day secrets were almost exposed in Chicago. A package from Supreme Headquarters in London arrived at a Chicago mail-sorting office a few months before D-Day and was accidentally opened. Its contents -- including the timetable and location of the invasion -- may have been seen by more than a dozen unauthorized people. The FBI found that a U.S. general's aide of German descent had sent the package to "The Ordnance Division, G-4" but had added the address of his sister in Chicago. The FBI concluded that the aide was overtired and had been thinking about his sister, who was ill. But just to be safe, the Chicago postal workers were put under surveillance and the aide was confined to quarters.

7. In a 1964 interview, Dwight Eisenhower said a single person "won the war for us." Was he referring to Gen. George Patton? Gen. Douglas MacArthur? No -- Andrew Higgins, who designed and built the amphibious assault crafts that allowed the Allies to storm the beaches of Normandy. The eccentric boat builder foresaw not only the Navy's acute need for small military crafts early on, but also the shortage of steel, so he gambled and bought the entire 1939 crop of mahogany from the Philippines. His New Orleans company produced thousands of the unimpressive-looking -- but vital -- boats for the war effort.

8. While U.S. forces were conducting a training exercise off the southwestern English coast to prepare for the landing on Utah Beach, German torpedo boats ambushed them. More than 700 Americans were killed -- a toll far worse than when U.S. forces actually took Utah Beach a few months later.

9. Woe be unto a politician who commits a gaffe during a D-Day remembrance. In 2004, Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin referred to the "invasion of Norway" when he meant Normandy. Last year at an event with President Barack Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown cited "Obama Beach" when he meant "Omaha Beach."

10. France wasn't the only theater of action in early June 1944. On June 5, the B-29 Superfortress flew its first combat mission the target: Bangkok. The day before that, U.S. forces were able to capture a German submarine off the African coast because they had broken the Enigma code and learned a sub was in the vicinity. On the eve of D-Day, the U.S. couldn't risk that the Germans would realize the code was cracked. So they hid away the sub and its captured crew until the end of the war, and the Germans assumed the vessel was lost at sea. But the U-505 would survive to become one of the most popular attractions at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.

Mark Jacob is a deputy metro editor at the Tribune. Stephan Benzkofer is the Tribune's weekend editor.


ɽoctor Who': 10 Things You May Not Know About 'The End of the World'

"The End of the World" is the story that cemented the return of Doctor Who, building on the strong chemistry between Rose Tyler and her new friend the Doctor, who could no longer get away with answering "Because I'm an alien" to every question. It also showed the Doctor in a crueller light than in the previous episode "Rose," allowing this teenage runaway to begin to understand the man in whose time machine she had stowed away.

Here are a few things that you should keep an eye out for, the next time you watch. (The episode is available on iTunes and Amazon.)

It was the second story in the new series, the one in which the Doctor shows Rose what it is like when he travels away from present-day Earth. So it was important that the special effects were top-notch, as indeed they are. However, most of the SFX budget for the entire series was spent on this one episode, with Cassandra, the sun expanding, the earth being destroyed and everything else.

It paid off though, as it was after this episode aired that the Christmas special and second series were commissioned.

The set up of the story is that a group of the rich elite has gathered to watch the demise of the planet Earth, as if it were a civic event. It's a slight twist on a similar premise in Douglas Adams' The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, in which a Vegas-style restaurant has been set up in which you can watch the end of the universe as if it was an after-dinner show.

Early on, Rose expresses outrage that the TARDIS telepathic translation circuits are monitoring her brain. This is a reference from classic Doctor Who (as well as a convenient way to allow races from all over the universe to communicate with the Doctor and his companions without the need for space translators), specifically a conversation between the Fourth Doctor and Sarah Jane Smith in "The Masque Of Mandragora" in which she asked how it is that she could speak Italian and he said it's "a Time Lord gift I allow you to share." Sarah didn't seem to mind the interference, but then she'd already been an old hand at Time Lords by then. Rose has only just met this man, and his blue box is already poking around inside her head.

The Doctor and Rose have a bit of banter over the term jiggery-pokery. (Doctor: "I came first in jiggery-pokery, how about you?" Rose: "Nah, failed hullabaloo.") This is a term that dates back to the Scottish word jouk, meaning "to swerve out of the way of an incoming blow." Joukery became a word for dealing with things—particularly business transactions—in a non-straightforward or underhanded fashion, while pawk is a Scots slang term for a prank or jape. Joukery-pawkery became, therefore, a term for confidence tricks or scams. By the time the Doctor got his hands on the term, it just meant broadly the same as malarkey.

The Doctor makes a speech about humans that contains references to three prominent news stories concerning public health that will have been familiar to British viewers: "You lot. You spend all your time thinking about dying. Like you're going to get killed by eggs or beef or global warming or asteroids. But you never take time to imagine the impossible. Maybe you survive."

The beef mentioned is a reference to the scare over bovine spongiform encephalopathy (more commonly known as mad cow disease) we all know about global warming and when the Doctor mentions eggs, he's talking about a U.K. scare over salmonella in eggs that dominated the news media in the late 1980s, after the minister Edwina Currie said most British eggs were infected, causing a panic-driven slump in egg sales. She later resigned over her role in the affair.

Russell T Davies was inspired to create the vain and shallow (in both senses of the word) Cassandra after watching the Academy Awards and worrying about the health of the actresses on the red carpet. He told the Sunday Mirror: "It was horrific seeing those beautiful women reduced to sticks. Nicole Kidman struck me in particular. Nicole is one of the most beautiful women in the world. But she looks horrifying because she's so thin. It's like we're killing these women in public. We watch while you die."

Russell's original script mentions Cassandra having collected various treasures from human history in cabinets, including the Magna Carta and a first edition of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (according to the book Doctor Who: The Shooting Scripts). This would have brought forward J.K. Rowling's first mention in Doctor Who by almost exactly two years, as she was later namechecked in "The Shakespeare Code." Russell had also asked her to write a script for Doctor Who in 2005, but she was too busy.

Speaking of the Face of Boe, he wasn't intended to be a recurring character at first, otherwise his name may have been different, as it is thought to have been a playful nod to the Rudyard Kipling poem "The Ballad of Boh Da Thone," in which a despotic and legendary soldier is beheaded.

Rose mentions having seen something about the end of the Earth on Newsround Extra. Newsround is a long-standing current affairs TV bulletin for BBC1 and CBBC aimed at children. Newsround Extra is the extended version of the show that covers a bigger topic that is in the news at the time. With pleasing neatness, there was a reporter for Newsround Extra at the shoot for this episode, and here is his on-set report.

Several elements that we now think of as being integral to Doctor Who made their debut appearances in this story. There's the (slightly) psychic paper, the Face of Boe, the revelation that Gallifrey has been blown up in the Time War and the fact that the Doctor is the last of his kind. Then there's the reference by the Moxx of Balhoon to "the Bad Wolf scenario," which sets up the story arc for all of the rest of Season One.

And of course it's only when the Doctor opens up to Rose that she really begins to trust him:


3 Northern Lights And Stargazing

The aurora borealis, better known as the northern lights, occurs when incoming solar radiation hits the Earth&rsquos upper atmosphere and excites atoms to a new energy state, emitting energy in the form of light. This phenomenon is best seen from northern latitudes including Norway, Alaska, Iceland, and northern parts of Scotland.

But thanks to relatively low air and light pollution, the Isle of Man is a great place to observe the northern lights and stargaze in general. Some photographers and tourists even travel to the island solely to enjoy the night sky.

There are 26 official dark sky sites dotted around the island, and many astronomical sights can be seen with the naked eye. This includes the Orion Nebula over 1,500 light-years away, the Milky Way galaxy, and the Andromeda galaxy whose light has been on its way to us for about 2.5 million years. [8]


Watch the video: The Life and Sad Ending of Douglas MacArthur (January 2022).